Older Adults Face Depression During the Holidays
It’s the most wonderful time of the year for many people, but for some older adults, it is a time of isolation and sadness.
“The holiday season is supposed to be a time full of joy, parties, and family gatherings. But for many people, it can be a time of loneliness, reflection on past failures, and anxiety about an uncertain future,” says Dr. Wendy Weinstein, Unit Chief at BryLin Hospital.
Dr. Weinstein sees older adults presenting with a variety of concerns, such as difficulty coping with change, stress, death of a loved one, depression, memory impairments, anxiety, or agitation, commonly associated with dementia.
“Sometimes these emotional problems can also occur in older adults who suffer with chronic pain, heart disease, diabetes, stroke, or other medical disorders a well.”
According to the National Council on Aging, older adults struggle with depression risks including chronic illness and pain, decreased functional ability, reduced mobility, financial concerns, lack of physical activity, and loneliness.
Older adults often experience grief after the loss of a spouse, loved one, or best friend. Also, the U.S. Census Bureau reports that nearly one-third of all seniors live by themselves, an estimated 14 million seniors are aging alone.
James Peterson, crisis clinician for NY Project Hope, Spectrum Health and Human Services, says that many seniors can’t arrive at the type of joy most of us experience during the holidays.
“Many seniors no longer feel part of things and are disconnected from their communities, especially if they live in an assisted living facility,” he said. “They no longer live in the home they cared for so many years, experience loss of independence, and perhaps have energy and mobility issues.”
When NY Project Hope staff members visit with older adults in the community, they encourage them to talk and spend most time listening. Inclusion is the most important consideration for older adults.
“Don’t just take them a plate of food, have them come over and help you cook the meal,” Peterson said. “Invite them to decorate the tree and wrap presents, pick them up and take them out shopping.”
Stigma is common with older adults experiencing depression or other mental health issues. Older adults are encouraged to talk to their doctor if they are experiencing symptoms of depression or other mental challenges.
“Many older adults, including their caregivers, often think that depression will go away by itself,” Dr. Weinstein said. “I’ve seen others who might think that they’re too old to get help or that getting help is a sign of weakness or some sort of moral failing, which is not uncommon amongst that generation.”
Dr. Weinstein says that it’s important to know, “like diabetes or heart disease, depression is a highly treatable medical condition. Even the most seriously depressed people can be treated successfully, often in a matter of weeks, and they can return to a happy and more fulfilling life.”
Depression is a common problem among older adults, but clinical depression is not a normal part of aging.
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF AGING
Signs and symptoms of depression in seniors include:
- Apathy, or a sense of not caring about anything
- Persistent sadness
- Fatigue and low energy
- Feelings of guilt and worthlessness
- A sense of hopelessness
- Loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed
- Trouble concentrating and other cognitive changes
- Insomnia—or oversleeping
- Overeating—or a decrease in appetite
- Slower speech or movement
- Digestive problems that persist
- Physical pains that don’t get better with treatment
- Recurring thoughts of death
“I’ve seen others who might think that they’re too old to get help or that getting help is a sign of weakness or some sort of moral failing, which is not uncommon amongst that generation.”
DR. WENDY WEINSTEIN
UNIT CHIEF AT BRYLIN HOSPITAL
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